Spinal deformities are defined as any abnormality of the alignment, formation or shape of the vertebral column. There are many causes and reasons why the spine may become deformed.
Scoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine that curves from side to side rather than at the top of the shoulders and lower back. It often resembles an ‘s’ shape. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, (AANS) there is no identifiable cause for about 80 percent of people with scoliosis. Since it is usually diagnosed during the first seven years of a person’s life, it may be called a birth defect, genetic condition or neurological abnormality.
Kyphosis is commonly called hunchback because the upper spine has an unusually large curvature. It is supposed to have a slight curve, but people with kyphosis have a larger than normal curve in the upper back. It can lead to breathing difficulties because of pressure on the lungs as well as pain in the rest of the spine.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when a person has calcium loss. The bone density and therefore strength is reduced. It is sometimes only diagnosed when the person experiences a bone fracture.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that generally affects the spine. It can be extremely painful because it causes severe inflammation of the vertebrae. It can even lead to disability.
Compression Fracture of the Spine
A compression fracture happens when the vertebrae collapse. It can be very painful and lead to poor posture, loss of height and several other things. It can be caused by injuries and osteoporosis and make the person stoop and develop a humpback. It is possible to lose up to six inches in height with a compression fracture. Other symptoms may be numbness in the limbs, stooping while walking and incontinence.
Rickets is a skeletal disorder that is caused by a lack of calcium, vitamin D or phosphate in the diet. These nutrients are essential for children to develop healthy bones. People with rickets may have skeletal deformities, soft bones and stunted growth. Children are at high risk for developing rickets because they are still growing. Rickets is most common in children between the ages of six months and 36 months old.
If you believe that you have a spinal deformity, you can talk to our expert at Innovative Spine and learn about the different treatments that are available to help you have a better quality of life even if you suffer from spinal deformities. Contact us today to schedule a consultation at our office in San Antonio!